What is Bullying?
An aggressive act with the intention to hurt a person on purpose, in any form – Physical, Verbal, Relational and Cyber. There is an imbalance of power where the victim finds it difficult to defend oneself in which such acts happen repeatedly or frequently (Smith, 2014).
The three features of bullying are:
Size does matter, and so do other characteristics of a victim. Characteristics that make someone weaker or stronger than others can lead to a power imbalance.
Intention to Harm
Sometimes, it is not easy to identify whether the aggressor intended to hurt someone else. However, when someone else considers the behaviour to be harmful, something has to be done.
A behaviour can be considered “repeated” if there is a potential for it to happen more than once.
Who is involved?